Water flowing through limestone

Science Behind the Image

This image shows the path of water through the karst limestone structure of a ground sample taken from south Florida. The photorealistic shading enhances the analysis of the stone porosity and the spatial arrangement of the flow traces.

Visualization Behind the Image

This image was generated using a ray-tracing framework supported in part by NSF grants ACI 13-39863 and ACI 1134872, and the image was generated on TACC Stampede, an NSF-funded cyberinfrastructure resource.



Carson Brownlee
Aaron Knoll
Paul Navratil

Florida International University

Michael Sukop
Sade Garcia

U.S. Geological Survey

Kevin Cunningham